Valley of the Sutlej
515 x 351mm. (20.3 x 13.8ins). October 1879.
Few ninteenth century watercolours of the Sutlej exist and fewer still on this scale.The professionalism of the work suggests the hand of someone with training in draftsmanship, possibly a soldier.
In 1809 Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of the Punjab signed a treaty with the British which accepted the Sutlej river which flows through the valley as the boundary between the Sikh and British spheres of influence. After Ranjit Singh's death, the Punjab fell into a state of disorder and on 11 December 1845, the Sikh army crossed the Sutlej, effectively declaring war on the British and starting the First Sikh War (1845-1846), also known as the Sutlej Campaign. The Sutlej is one of the 'Five Rivers' of the Punjab, and is extensively used for irrigation purposes.
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